Limes Britannicus

The frontier of the Roman Empire in Britain is sometimes styled Limes Britannicus ("British Limes")[1] by authors[2] for the boundaries, including fortifications and defensive ramparts, that were built to protect Roman Britain (the term Limes is mainly and originally used for the Roman frontier in the Germanic provinces).[3] These defences existed from the 1st to the 5th centuries AD and ran through the territory of present-day England, Scotland and Wales.

Major transport routes in Britannia in the mid-2nd century
Britannia in the Tabula Peutingeriana, only the yellow highlighted section survived, the rest was added in 1887 by Konrad Miller
Midlands: Reconstruction of the main gate of the wood and earth camp of Lunt
The North: remains of a Roman watchtower on the Gask Ridge
The North: the Antonine Wall at Barr Hill between Twechar and Croy
The North: the Stanegate near Vindolanda
Antoninus Pius
Section of the Fosse Way (side road north of the M4)
The North: corner tower of the Late Antiquity on the west wall of the legion camp at Eburacum
Statue of Constantine I in York
The North: section through the fortifications of Hadrian's Wall
The North: reconstruction of the west gateway of Arbeia
The North: reconstructed wooden tower in Vindolanda
The North: the ruins of Milecastle 39 (Castle Nick) in the middle section of Hadrian's Wall
West: remains of the barracks in the fort of Segontium
West: diorama of the legion camp of Deva (Grosvenor Museum, Chester)
West: wall remains of the legion camp of Isca
West: the late Roman wall of Caerwent
Southeast: view of the east wall of the fort of Portus Adurni
Southeast: wall section of the Saxon coastal fort of Anderitum

Britain was one of the most troubled regions in the European part of the Roman Empire and could only be secured by the Roman Army at considerable effort. Despite a rapid victory over the tribes in the south, which Claudius' field commander, Aulus Plautius, achieved in 43 AD for Rome, the resistance of the British was not completely broken for a long time afterwards. Nevertheless, the Romans succeeded in further consolidating their rule in the period that followed, although the troops stationed there were overburdened by having to defend Britain simultaneously on three fronts. The incursions of barbarians from the north of the island repeatedly caused serious problems. To the west and south, the Britannic provinces had to be defended against Hibernian and Germanic attacks. Against all odds, Britain was held for almost three centuries by the Roman Empire. In retrospect, the Roman domination of Britain is generally considered to be positive. For a long time there was peace and prosperity on the island. Behind the protection of Hadrian's Wall and that formed by the natural coastal boundaries to the east, south and west, the region we now know as England was heavily influenced by the achievements of Roman civilization. Hadrian's Wall and the castra on the Saxon Shore are still the most prominent symbols of Roman rule over Britain.[4]

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