Komi language

The Komi language (Komi: Коми кыв, Komi kyv), also known as Zyryan, Zyrian or Komi-Zyryan (Komi: Коми-зырян кыв, Komi-zyrjan kyv),[2] is one of the two regional varieties of the pluricentric Komi language, the other regional variety being Permyak.

Komi language
Коми кыв
Komi kyv
Native toRussia
RegionKomi Republic, Nenetsia, Permyakia, Yamalia, Yugra, elsewhere in Russia
Native speakers
160,000 (2010 census)[1]
Cyrillic, Old Permic Script (Formerly)
Official status
Official language in
 Russia
Language codes
ISO 639-1kv
ISO 639-3kpv
Glottologkomi1268
Komi is classified as Definitely Endangered by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger (2010)
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Komi is natively spoken by the Komi peoples native to the Komi Republic and other parts of Russia such as Nenetsia and Yamalia. There were 285,000 speakers in 1994, which decreased to 160,000 in 2010. Komi has a standardized form.

It was written in the Old Permic alphabet (Komi: 𐍐𐍝𐍑𐍣𐍒, Анбур, Anbur) for liturgical purposes in the 14th century. The Cyrillic script was introduced by Russia missionaries in the 17th century, replacing the Old Permic script. A tradition of secular works of literature in the modern form of the language dates back to the 19th century.


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This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Komi language, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.