The Komi language (Komi: Коми кыв, Komi kyv), also known as Zyryan, Zyrian or Komi-Zyryan (Komi: Коми-зырян кыв, Komi-zyrjan kyv), is one of the two regional varieties of the pluricentric Komi language, the other regional variety being Permyak.
|Region||Komi Republic, Nenetsia, Permyakia, Yamalia, Yugra, elsewhere in Russia|
|160,000 (2010 census)|
|Cyrillic, Old Permic Script (Formerly)|
Official language in
Komi is natively spoken by the Komi peoples native to the Komi Republic and other parts of Russia such as Nenetsia & Yamalia. There were 285,000 speakers in 1994, which decreased to 160,000 in 2010. Komi has a standardized form.
It was written in the Old Permic alphabet (Komi: 𐍐𐍝𐍑𐍣𐍒, Анбур, Anbur) for liturgical purposes in the 14th century. The Cyrillic script was introduced by Russia missionaries in the 17th century, replacing the Old Permic script. A tradition of secular works of literature in the modern form of the language dates back to the 19th century.