Kiowa (/ˈk.əwə, -ˌwɑː, -ˌw/)[2][3] people are a Native American tribe and an indigenous people of the Great Plains of the United States. They migrated southward from western Montana into the Rocky Mountains in Colorado in the 17th and 18th centuries,[4] and eventually into the Southern Plains by the early 19th century.[5] In 1867, the Kiowa were moved to a reservation in southwestern Oklahoma.

Three Kiowa men, 1898
Total population
12,000 (2011)[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Oklahoma)
English, Kiowa, Plains Sign Talk
Native American Church, traditional tribal religion, Sun Dance, Christianity

Today, they are federally recognized as Kiowa Indian Tribe of Oklahoma[6] with headquarters in Carnegie, Oklahoma.[1] As of 2011, there were 12,000 members.[1] The Kiowa language (Cáuijògà), part of the Tanoan language family, is in danger of extinction, with only 20 speakers as of 2012.[7][8]

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