Kingdom of Saxony

The Kingdom of Saxony (German: Königreich Sachsen), lasting from 1806 to 1918, was an independent member of a number of historical confederacies in Napoleonic through post-Napoleonic Germany. The kingdom was formed from the Electorate of Saxony. From 1871, it was part of the German Empire. It became a free state in the era of Weimar Republic in 1918 after the end of World War I and the abdication of King Frederick Augustus III of Saxony. Its capital was the city of Dresden, and its modern successor state is the Free State of Saxony.

Kingdom of Saxony
Königreich Sachsen (German)
Motto: Providentiae Memor
"Providence Remember"
Anthem: Gott segne Sachsenland (1815)

Sachsenlied ("Gott sei mit dir mein Sachsenland", 1842)
The Kingdom of Saxony in 1812
Common languagesUpper Saxon German
Lutheran, but monarchs were Roman Catholic
GovernmentConstitutional monarchy
Frederick Augustus I (first)
Frederick Augustus III (last)
Bernhard von Lindenau (first)
Rudolf Heinze (last)
LegislatureLandtag (1831–1918)
 Upper Chamber
"First Chamber"
 Lower Chamber
"Second Chamber"
Historical eraNapoleonic Wars / WWI
20 December 1806
13 November 1918
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Electorate of Saxony
Today part ofGermany

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