Kingdom of Rwanda

The Kingdom of Rwanda was a pre-colonial Bantu kingdom in East Africa which survived with some of its autonomy intact under German and Belgian colonial rule until its monarchy was abolished during the Rwandan Revolution in 1961. After a 1961 referendum, Rwanda became a republic and received its independence in 1962.[1]

Kingdom of Rwanda
Ubwami bw'u Rwanda  (Kinyarwanda)
Koninkrijk Roeanda  (Dutch)
Royaume du Rwanda  (French)
Königreich Ruanda  (German)
c. 15th century–1961
StatusIndependent state (15th century–1885)
Part of German East Africa (1885–1916)
Part of Ruanda-Urundi (1916–1961)
CapitalNyanza
Common languagesKinyarwanda, French, German (official from 1885–1916), Dutch (official from 1916–1962)
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Mwami 
 Unknown
Gihanga (1st Dyn.) (first)
 1959–1961
Kigeli V (3rd Dyn.) (last)
History 
 Established
15th century c. 15th century
1 July 1961
ISO 3166 codeRW
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Ruanda-Urundi
Rwanda
Today part ofRwanda

Since the monarchy was officially abolished, a court in exile has been maintained abroad. The current titular king of Rwanda is Mwami Yuhi VI.


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