Kingdom of Rwanda

The Kingdom of Rwanda was a pre-colonial Bantu kingdom in East Africa which survived with some of its autonomy intact under German and Belgian colonial rule until its monarchy was abolished during the Rwandan Revolution in 1961. After a 1961 referendum, Rwanda became a republic and received its independence in 1962.[1]

Kingdom of Rwanda
Ubwami bw'u Rwanda  (Kinyarwanda)
Koninkrijk Roeanda  (Dutch)
Royaume du Rwanda  (French)
Königreich Ruanda  (German)
c. 15th century–1961
StatusIndependent state (15th century–1885)
Part of German East Africa (1885–1916)
Part of Ruanda-Urundi (1916–1961)
Common languagesKinyarwanda, French, German (official from 1885–1916), Dutch (official from 1916–1962)
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Gihanga (1st Dyn.) (first)
Kigeli V (3rd Dyn.) (last)
15th century c. 15th century
1 July 1961
ISO 3166 codeRW
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Today part ofRwanda

Since the monarchy was officially abolished, a court in exile has been maintained abroad. The current titular king of Rwanda is Mwami Yuhi VI.

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