Kingdom of Bavaria

The Kingdom of Bavaria (German: Königreich Bayern; Bavarian: Kinereich Bayern; spelled Baiern until 1825) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918. With the unification of Germany into the German Empire in 1871, the kingdom became a federated state of the new empire and was second in size, power, and wealth only to the leading state, the Kingdom of Prussia.

Kingdom of Bavaria
  • 1805–1825:
    Königreich Baiern
    Kinereich Baiern
  • 1825–1918:
    Königreich Bayern
    Kinereich Bayern
Motto: Gerecht und Beharrlich
Just and persistent
Anthem: Heil unserm König, Heil!
The Kingdom of Bavaria (green) within the German Confederation (dark grey) in 1815
The Kingdom of Bavaria within the German Empire with the exclave of Palatinate
Common languagesBavarian, Upper German dialects
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentConstitutional Monarchy
Maximilian I Joseph
Ludwig I
Maximilian II
Ludwig II
Ludwig III
Prince Regent 
Leopold Charles
Ludwig Leopold
Maximilian von Montgelas
Georg von Hertling
Otto Ritter von Dandl
 Upper Chamber
House of Councillors
 Lower Chamber
House of Representatives
Historical eraNapoleonic Wars / World War I
26 December 1805
26 December 1805
8 October 1813
30 May 1814
18 January 1871
9 November 1918
12 November 1918
1910[2]75,865 km2 (29,292 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Electorate of Bavaria
Bishopric of Würzburg
People's State of Bavaria
Bavarian Soviet Republic
Today part ofGermany

The polity's foundation dates back to the ascension of prince-elector Maximilian IV Joseph of the House of Wittelsbach as King of Bavaria in 1805. The crown would go on being held by the Wittelsbachs until the kingdom came to an end in 1918. Most of the border of modern Germany's Free State of Bavaria were established after 1814 with the Treaty of Paris, in which the Kingdom of Bavaria ceded Tyrol and Vorarlberg to the Austrian Empire while receiving Aschaffenburg and Würzburg.

In 1918, Bavaria became a republic after the German Revolution, and the kingdom was thus succeeded by the current Free State of Bavaria.

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