Kashubian language

Kashubian or Cassubian (Kashubian: kaszëbsczi jãzëk, Polish: język kaszubski) is a West Slavic language[3] belonging to the Lechitic subgroup along with Polish and Silesian lect.[4][5] Although often classified as a language in its own right,[6] it is sometimes viewed as a dialect of Pomeranian or as a dialect of Polish.[7]

Native toPoland
EthnicityKashubians and Poles
Native speakers
108,000 (2011 census)[1]
Latin (Kashubian alphabet)
Official status
Official language in
Officially recognized as of 2005, as a regional language, in some communes of Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-2csb
ISO 639-3csb

In Poland, it has been an officially recognized ethnic-minority language since 2005.[8] Approximately 108,000 people use mainly Kashubian at home.[9][10] It is the only remnant of the Pomeranian language. It is close to standard Polish with influence from Low German and the extinct Polabian (West Slavic) and Old Prussian (West Baltic) languages.[11]

The Kashubian language exists in two different forms: vernacular dialects used in rural areas, and literary variants used in education.

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