Kaliningrad Oblast (Russian: Калинингра́дская о́бласть, romanized: Kaliningradskaya oblast') is the westernmost federal subject of Russia. It is a semi-exclave situated on the Baltic Sea. The largest city and administrative centre of the province (oblast) is the city of Kaliningrad, formerly known as Königsberg. The port city of Baltiysk is Russia's only port on the Baltic Sea that remains ice-free in winter. Kaliningrad Oblast had a population of roughly 1 million in the Russian Census of 2010.
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|Anthem: Anthem of Kaliningrad Oblast|
|• Body||Legislative Assembly|
|• Governor||Anton Alikhanov|
|• Total||15,100 km2 (5,800 sq mi)|
|• Estimate||994,599 (+5.6%)|
|• Density||62/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (MSK–1 )|
|ISO 3166 code||RU-KGD|
|License plates||39, 91|
The oblast is bordered by Poland to the south, Lithuania to the north and east, and the Baltic Sea to the west. It is impossible to travel overland between the oblast and the contiguous part of Russia proper without passing through at least two other countries. The territory was formerly the northern part of the Prussian province of East Prussia, the southern part of which is today part of the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in Poland. With the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, the territory was annexed as part of the Russian SFSR by the Soviet Union. Following the post-war migration and flight and expulsion of Germans, the territory was populated with mostly Russians.