Jubaland

Jubaland (Somali: Jubbaland, Arabic: جوبالاند, Italian: Oltregiuba), the Juba Valley (Somali: Dooxada Jubba) or Azania (Somali: Asaaniya, Arabic: آزانيا), is a Federal Member State in southern Somalia. Its eastern border lies 40–60 km (25–35 mi) east of the Jubba River, stretching from Gedo to the Indian Ocean, while its western side flanks the North Eastern Province in Kenya, which was carved out of Jubaland during the colonial period.[4]

Jubaland State of Somalia
  • Dawlad Goboleedka Jubbaland ee Soomaaliya  (Somali)
  • ولاية أرض جوبا في الصومال  (Arabic)
Coat of arms
   Jubaland in    Somalia
CapitalBu'ale (de jure)[1] Kismayo (de facto)
Largest cityKismayo
Official languages
Demonym(s)Somali[2][3]
GovernmentPresidential democracy
 President
Ahmed Madobe
Federal Member State 
within Somalia
 Proclaimed
3 April 2011
 Recognition
29 August 2013
Area
 Total
110,293 km2 (42,584 sq mi)
 Water (%)
negligible
Population
 2014 estimate
1,360,633
CurrencySomali shilling (SOS)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
 Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (not observed)
Calling code+252 (Somalia)
ISO 3166 codeSO
Internet TLD.so
Federal States in Somalia

Jubaland has a total area of 110,293 km2 (42,584 sq mi). As of 2005, it had a total population of 953,045 inhabitants.[5][6] The territory consists of the Gedo, Lower Juba and Middle Juba provinces. Its largest city is Kismayo, which is situated on the coast near the mouth of the Jubba River. Bardera, Afmadow, Bu'aale, Luuq, Garbahareey and Beled Haawo are the region's other principal cities.

During the Middle Ages, the influential Somali Ajuran Sultanate held sway over the territory, followed in turn by the Geledi Sultanate. They were later incorporated into British East Africa. In 1925, Jubaland was ceded to Italy, forming a part of Italian Somaliland. On 1 July 1960, the region, along with the rest of Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland, became part of the independent Somali Republic.

Jubaland was later the site of numerous battles during the civil war. In late 2006, Islamist militants gained control of most of the region. To reclaim possession of the territory, a new autonomous administration dubbed Azania was announced in 2010 and formalized the following year. In 2013, the Juba Interim Administration was officially established and recognized. It is now one of the five autonomous administrations in Somalia.


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