Jonathan M. Wainwright (general)

Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV (August 23, 1883 – September 2, 1953) was an American army general and the Commander of Allied forces in the Philippines at the time Japan surrendered to the United States, during World War II.

Jonathan M. Wainwright
Wainwright after World War II and promotion to full General
Birth nameJonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV
Nickname(s)"Skinny", "Jim"
Born(1883-08-23)August 23, 1883
Walla Walla, Washington, U.S.
DiedSeptember 2, 1953(1953-09-02) (aged 70)
San Antonio, Texas, U.S.
Place of burial
AllegianceUnited States
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service1906–47
Rank General
Commands held3rd Cavalry Regiment (United States) 1936–38

1st Cavalry Brigade 1938–40
Philippine Division 1940–42
Prisoner of war 1942–45
Second Service Command 1945–46
Eastern Defense Command 1945–46

Fourth Army 1946–47
Battles/warsMoro Rebellion

World War I

World War II

AwardsMedal of Honor
Distinguished Service Cross
Army Distinguished Service Medal Medal of Valor
RelationsJonathan Mayhew Wainwright I (great-grandfather)
Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright II (uncle)

Wainwright commanded American and Filipino forces during the Japanese invasion the Philippines, for which he received a Medal of Honor for his courageous leadership. In May 1942, on the island stronghold of Corregidor, lacking food, supplies and ammunition, in the interest of minimizing casualties Wainwright surrendered the remaining Allied forces on the Philippines. At the time of his capture, Wainwright was the highest-ranking American prisoner of war, he spent three years in Japanese prison camps, during which he suffered from malnutrition and mistreatment. In August 1945, he was rescued by the Red Army in Manchukuo. Hailed as a hero upon his liberation, on September 5, 1945, shortly after the Japanese surrender, Wainwright was promoted to four-star General.

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