John Ford

John Martin Feeney (February 1, 1894 – August 31, 1973), known professionally as John Ford, was an American film director and naval officer. He is renowned both for Westerns such as Stagecoach (1939), The Searchers (1956), and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962) and adaptations of classic 20th century American novels such as The Grapes of Wrath (1940). He was the recipient of six Academy Awards including a record four wins for Best Director.

John Ford
Ford in 1946
Born
John Martin Feeney

(1894-02-01)February 1, 1894
DiedAugust 31, 1973(1973-08-31) (aged 79)
Resting placeHoly Cross Cemetery, Culver City, California[1]
OccupationFilm director/producer
Years active1913–1966
Spouse
Mary McBride Smith
(m. 1920)
Children2
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service1942–1945 (active)
1946–1962 (reserve)
Rank Commander (active)
Rear Admiral (reserve)
UnitOffice of Strategic Services
11th Naval District
USS Philippine Sea (CV-47)
Battles/warsWorld War II Korean War
Awards Legion of Merit with Combat "V"
Purple Heart
Meritorious Service Medal
Air Medal
American Campaign Medal
European–African–Middle Eastern Campaign Medal
Asiatic–Pacific Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal

In a career of more than 50 years, Ford directed more than 140 films (although most of his silent films are now lost) and he is widely regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers of his generation.[2] Ford's work was held in high regard by his colleagues, with Akira Kurosawa,[3] Orson Welles and Ingmar Bergman among those who named him one of the greatest directors of all time.

Ford made frequent use of location shooting and wide shots, in which his characters were framed against a vast, harsh, and rugged natural terrain.


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