Iowa (/ˈəwə/ (listen))[6][7][8] is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states: Wisconsin to the northeast, Illinois to the east and southeast, Missouri to the south, Nebraska to the west, South Dakota to the northwest, and Minnesota to the north.

State of Iowa
Our liberties we prize and our rights we will maintain.
Anthem: "The Song of Iowa"
Map of the United States with Iowa highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodAmerican Indians of Iowa
Iowa Territory
Admitted to the UnionDecember 28, 1846 (29th)
(and largest city)
Des Moines
Largest metro and urban areasDes Moines[lower-alpha 1]
  GovernorKim Reynolds (R)
  Lieutenant GovernorAdam Gregg (R)
LegislatureIowa General Assembly
  Upper houseSenate
  Lower houseHouse of Representatives
JudiciaryIowa Supreme Court
U.S. senatorsChuck Grassley (R)
Joni Ernst (R)
U.S. House delegation1: Ashley Hinson (R)
2: Mariannette Miller-Meeks (R)
3: Zach Nunn (R)
4: Randy Feenstra (R) (list)
  Total55,857.1 sq mi (144,669.2 km2)
  Length310 mi (499 km)
  Width240 mi (322 km)
1,100 ft (340 m)
Highest elevation1,671 ft (509 m)
Lowest elevation480 ft (146 m)
  Density57.1/sq mi (22.0/km2)
  Median household income
  Income rank
  Official languageEnglish
Time zoneUTC−06:00 (Central)
  Summer (DST)UTC−05:00 (CDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-IA
Latitude40° 23′ N to 43° 30′ N
Longitude90° 8′ W to 96° 38′ W
Iowa state symbols
Living insignia
BirdEastern goldfinch
FlowerPrairie rose
TreeWhite Oak
Inanimate insignia
State route marker
State quarter
Released in 2004
Lists of United States state symbols

During the 18th and early 19th centuries, Iowa was a part of French Louisiana and Spanish Louisiana; its state flag is patterned after the flag of France. After the Louisiana Purchase, people laid the foundation for an agriculture-based economy in the heart of the Corn Belt.[9] In the latter half of the 20th century, Iowa's agricultural economy transitioned to a diversified economy of advanced manufacturing, processing, financial services, information technology, biotechnology, and green energy production.[10][11]

Iowa is the 26th most extensive in total area and the 31st most populous of the 50 U.S. states, with a population of 3,190,369,[12] according to the 2020 census. The state's capital, most populous city, and largest metropolitan area fully located within the state is Des Moines. A portion of the larger Omaha, Nebraska, metropolitan area extends into three counties of southwest Iowa.[13] Iowa has been listed as one of the safest U.S. states to live in.[14]

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