Independence National Historical Park

Independence National Historical Park is a federally protected historic district in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States that preserves several sites associated with the American Revolution and the nation's founding history. Administered by the National Park Service, the 55-acre (22 ha)[1] park comprises many of Philadelphia's most-visited historic sites within the Old City and Society Hill neighborhoods. The park has been nicknamed "America's most historic square mile"[3][4][5] because of its abundance of historic landmarks.

Independence National Historical Park
Location143 S. 3rd Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Coordinates39.947778°N 75.148056°W / 39.947778; -75.148056
Area55.42 acres (22.43 ha)[1]
ArchitectStrickland, William; Et al.
Architectural style(s)Colonial, Georgian, Federal
Visitors3,572,770 (in 2011)
Governing bodyNational Park Service
WebsiteIndependence National Historical Park
DesignatedOctober 15, 1966
Reference no.66000683 [2]
DesignatedJune 28, 1948
Location of Independence National Historical Park in Philadelphia
Independence National Historical Park (Pennsylvania)
Independence National Historical Park (the United States)

The centerpiece of the park[6] is Independence Hall, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, where the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were debated and adopted by America's Founding Fathers in the late 18th century. Independence Hall was the principal meetinghouse of the Second Continental Congress from 1775 to 1783 and the Constitutional Convention in the summer of 1787.[7] Next to Independence Hall is Carpenters' Hall, the 1774 meeting site for the First Continental Congress.

Across the street from Independence Hall is the Liberty Bell, an iconic symbol of American independence, displayed in the Liberty Bell Center. The park contains other historic buildings, such as the First Bank of the United States, the first bank chartered by the United States Congress, and the Second Bank of the United States, which had its charter renewal vetoed by President Andrew Jackson as part of the Bank War. The Park also contains City Tavern, a recreated colonial tavern, which was a favorite of the delegates and which John Adams felt was the finest tavern in all America.[8][9]

Most of the park's historic structures are located in the vicinity of the four landscaped blocks between Chestnut, Walnut, 2nd, and 6th streets. The park also contains Franklin Court, the site where Benjamin Franklin's home once stood and the present-day location of a Franklin museum and the United States Postal Service Museum. An additional three blocks directly north of Independence Hall, collectively known as Independence Mall, contain the Liberty Bell Center, National Constitution Center, Independence Visitor Center, and the former site of the President's House. The park also contains other historical artifacts, such as the Syng inkstand which was used during the signings of both the Declaration and the Constitution.


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