Herat Province

Herat (Pashto/Dari: هرات) is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the north-western part of the country. Together with Badghis, Farah, and Ghor provinces, it makes up the north-western region of Afghanistan. Its primary city and administrative capital is Herat City. The province of Herat is divided into about 17 districts and contains over 2,000 villages. It has a population of about 3,780,000, making it the second most populated province in Afghanistan behind Kabul Province.[2] The population is multi-ethnic but largely Persian-speaking. Herat dates back to the Avestan times and was traditionally known for its wine. The city has a number of historic sites, including the Herat Citadel and the Musalla Complex. During the Middle Ages Herat became one of the important cities of Khorasan, as it was known as the Pearl of Khorasan.

Herat
هرات
Scenery around the city of Herat
Map of Afghanistan with Herat highlighted
Detail map of Herat province
Coordinates (Capital): 34.0°N 62.0°E / 34.0; 62.0
Country Afghanistan
CapitalHerat
Government
  GovernorNoor Mohammad Islamjar[1]
  Deputy GovernorAbdul Qayyum Rohani
Area
  Total55,868 km2 (21,571 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)[2]
  Total3,780,000
  Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)
ISO 3166 codeAF-HER
Main languagesDari, Pashto and others

The province of Herat shares a border with Iran in the west and Turkmenistan in the north, making it an important trading region. The Trans-Afghanistan Pipeline (TAPI) is expected to pass through Herat from Turkmenistan to Pakistan and India in the south. The province has two airports, one is the Herat International Airport in the capital of Herat and the other is at the Shindand Air Base, which is one of the largest military bases in Afghanistan. The Salma Dam which is fed by the Hari River is also located in this province.


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