The Hazaras (Persian: هزاره, romanized: Hazāra; Hazaragi: آزره, romanized: Āzra) are an ethnic group and the principal component of the population of Afghanistan, native to, and primarily residing in the Hazarajat region in central Afghanistan and generally scattered throughout Afghanistan. They speak the Hazaragi dialect of Persian that is mutually intelligible with Dari, one of the two official languages of Afghanistan.[21][22][23][24]

Hazara men in Kabul, Afghanistan
Total population
More than 8 million
Regions with significant populations
 Afghanistan4,000,000 (2009)[1][2]
 Pakistan1,550,000, including 500,000 in Quetta[3][4]
 Australia20,000 (2014)[8]
Hazaragi and Dari
(eastern varieties of Persian)
Predominantly Islam
(Shi'a majority, significant Sunni minority)[11][12]
Related ethnic groups
Aimaq people, Uzbeks, Tajiks,[13][14][15] Mongolic[16][17][18] and Turkic peoples[19][20]

They are one of the largest ethnic groups in Afghanistan,[25][26][27][28] and are also significant minority groups in neighboring Pakistan, mostly in Quetta,[29][4] and as well as in Iran.[5] Hazaras are considered by some to be one of the most vulnerable groups in Afghanistan,[30] and their persecution has occurred various times across previous decades.[31]

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