Grand coalition (Germany)

Grand coalition (German: Große Koalition, pronounced [ˈɡʁoːsə koaliˈt͡si̯oːn] (listen), shortened to: German: Groko, pronounced [ˈɡʁoːkoː] (listen)) is a term in German politics describing a governing coalition of the parties Christian Democratic Union (CDU) along with its sister party the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD),[1][2] since they have historically been the major parties in most state and federal elections since 1949. The meaning of the term may change due to the growth of some formerly minor parties in recent years.[3]

If the coalition also includes the liberal Free Democratic Party (FDP), it is called "Germany coalition" (German: Deutschland-Koalition (de)), with the party colors matching the flag of Germany: black for CDU/CSU, red for SPD and yellow for FDP.

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