Government of Iran

The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: نظام جمهوری اسلامی ایران, romanized: Neẓām-e jomhūrī-e eslāmi-e Irān, known simply as Neẓām (Persian: نظام, lit.'the system') among its supporters)[1] is the ruling state and current political system in Iran, in power since the Islamic revolution and fall of the Pahlavi dynasty in 1979.[2]

Islamic Republic of Iran
FormationApril 1, 1979; 43 years ago (1979-04-01) (Islamic Republic formed)
August 21, 1980; 42 years ago (1980-08-21) (first Islamic Consultative Assembly session)
Founding documentConstitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran
JurisdictionIran
Legislative branch
LegislatureIslamic Consultative Assembly
Meeting placeBaharestan
Executive branch
LeaderSupreme Leader (Since 1979)
President (Since 1989)
Prime Minister (1979–1989)
AppointerAssembly of Experts (Supreme Leader)
Direct popular vote (President)
HeadquartersPasteur
Main organCabinet
Departments19 Ministries
Judicial branch
CourtJudicial system of the Islamic Republic of Iran
SeatCourthouse of Tehran

Its constitution, adopted by an ex post facto referendum,[3] uses separation of powers model with Executive, Legislative, and Judicial systems,[4] while the Supreme Leader is the country's head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces.[5]

It is currently one of the three governments using the title Islamic republic.[6][7]


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