German Emperor

The German Emperor (German: Deutscher Kaiser, pronounced [ˈdɔʏtʃɐ ˈkaɪzɐ] (listen)) was the official title of the head of state and hereditary ruler of the German Empire. A specifically chosen term, it was introduced with the 1 January 1871 constitution and lasted until the official abdication of Wilhelm II on 9 November 1918.[1] The Holy Roman Emperor is sometimes also called "German Emperor" when the historical context is clear, as derived from the Holy Roman Empire's official name of "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" from 1512.

Emperor of Germany
Deutscher Kaiser
Imperial
Last and longest to reign
Wilhelm II
15 June 1888 – 9 November 1918
Details
StyleHis Imperial Majesty
First monarchWilhelm I
Last monarchWilhelm II
Formation1 January 1871
Abolition28 November 1918
ResidenceBerlin City Palace
AppointerHereditary
Pretender(s)Georg Friedrich

Following the revolution of 1918, the head of state was the president of the Reich (German: Reichspräsident), beginning with Friedrich Ebert.


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