German Democratic Party

The German Democratic Party (Deutsche Demokratische Partei, or DDP) was a center-left liberal party in the Weimar Republic.[10] Along with the German People's Party (Deutsche Volkspartei, or DVP), it represented political liberalism in Germany between 1918 and 1933. It was formed in 1918 from the Progressive People's Party and the liberal wing of the National Liberal Party, both of which had been active in the German Empire.

German Democratic Party
Deutsche Demokratische Partei
Founded20 November 1918; 104 years ago (20 November 1918)
DissolvedJuly 1930; 92 years ago (July 1930)
Preceded byProgressive People's Party
Merged intoGerman State Party
Youth wingYoung Democrats
Paramilitary wingReichsbanner Schwarz-Rot-Gold (1924–1930)
IdeologyClassical liberalism[1]
Social liberalism[2][3]
Republicanism[4][5]
Economic liberalism[4]
Progressivism[6]
Political positionCentre[7] to centre-left[6][8]
Colours  Black   Red   Gold (republican colors)[9]

After the formation of the first German state to be constituted along pluralist-democratic lines, the DDP took part as a member of varying coalitions in almost all Weimar Republic cabinets from 1919 to 1932. Before the Reichstag elections of 1930, it united with the People’s National Reich Association (Volksnationale Reichsvereinigung), which was part of the nationalist and anti-Semitic Young German Order (Jungdeutscher Orden). From that point on the party called itself the German State Party (Deutsche Staatspartei, or DStP) and retained the name even after the Reich Association left the party. Because of the connection to the Reich Association, members of the left wing of the DDP broke away from the party and toward the end of the Republic founded the Radical Democratic Party, which was unsuccessful in parliament. Others joined the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD).

After the National Socialists took power, the German State Party was dissolved on 28 June 1933 as part of the process of Gleichschaltung (coordination) by means of which the Nazis established totalitarian control over German society.


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