Gelderland (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɣɛldərlɑnt] (listen)), also known as Guelders (/ˈɡɛldərz/)[4] in English, is a province of the Netherlands, occupying the centre-east of the country. With a total area of 5,136 km2 (1,983 sq mi) of which 173 km2 (67 sq mi) is water, it is the largest province of the Netherlands by land area, and second by total area.[5] Gelderland shares borders with six other provinces (Flevoland, Limburg, North Brabant, Overijssel, South Holland and Utrecht) and the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia.

Anthem: "Ons Gelderland"
"Our Gelderland"
Location of Gelderland in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 52.06°N 5.95°E / 52.06; 5.95
Largest cityNijmegen
  King's CommissionerJohn Berends (CDA)
  CouncilStates of Gelderland
  Total5,136 km2 (1,983 sq mi)
  Land4,964 km2 (1,917 sq mi)
  Water173 km2 (67 sq mi)
 (1 November 2019)[2]
  Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeNL-GE
Religion (1999)31% Protestant, 29% Catholic
HDI (2019)0.933[3]
very high · 5th of 12

The capital is Arnhem (pop. 159,265[6]); however, Nijmegen (pop. 176,731) and Apeldoorn (pop. 162,445) are both larger municipalities. Other major regional centres in Gelderland are Ede, Doetinchem, Zutphen, Harderwijk, Tiel, Wageningen, Zevenaar, and Winterswijk. Gelderland had a population of 2,084,478 as of November 2019.[2] It contains the Netherlands's largest forest region (the Veluwe), the Rhine and other major rivers, and a significant amount of orchards in the south (Betuwe).

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