Gau (territory)

Gau (German [gaʊ̯], Dutch: gouw [ɣʌu], West Frisian: gea [ɡɪə] or goa [ɡoə]) is a Germanic term for a region within a country, often a former or current province. It was used in the Middle Ages, when it can be seen as roughly corresponding to an English shire. The administrative use of the term was revived as a subdivision during the period of Nazi Germany in 19331945. It still appears today in regional names, such as the Rheingau or Allgäu.

Medieval duchies (in colour) and gaue in the Holy Roman Empire around year 1000

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