French Fifth Republic

The Fifth Republic (French: Cinquième République) is France's current republican system of government. It was established on 4 October 1958 by Charles de Gaulle under the Constitution of the Fifth Republic.[5] The Fifth Republic emerged from the collapse of the Fourth Republic, replacing the former parliamentary republic with a semi-presidential (or dual-executive) system[6] that split powers between a president as head of state and a prime minister as head of government.[7] De Gaulle, who was the first French president elected under the Fifth Republic in December 1958, believed in a strong head of state, which he described as embodying l'esprit de la nation ("the spirit of the nation").[8]

French Republic
République française (French)
Motto: "Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité" (French)
"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"
Anthem: "La Marseillaise"
Great Seal:
Location of France (dark green)

 in Europe (green & dark grey)
 in the European Union (green)

Capital
and largest city
Paris
48°51.4′N 2°21.05′E
Official language
and national language
French[upper-roman 3]
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
 President
Emmanuel Macron
Élisabeth Borne
LegislatureParliament
Senate
National Assembly
Establishment
4 October 1958 (63 years)
Currency
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Calling code+33[upper-roman 4]
ISO 3166 codeFR
Internet TLD.fr[upper-roman 5]
Preceded by
French Fourth Republic

The Fifth Republic is France's third-longest-lasting political regime, after the hereditary and feudal monarchies of the Ancien Régime (Late Middle Ages – 1792) and the parliamentary Third Republic (1870–1940). The Fifth Republic will overtake the Third Republic as the second-longest-lasting regime and the longest-lasting French republic on 11 August 2028 if it remains in place.


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