Flemish (Vlaams)[2][3][4] is a Low Franconian dialect cluster of the Dutch language. It is sometimes referred to as Flemish Dutch (Vlaams-Nederlands), Belgian Dutch (Belgisch-Nederlands [ˈbɛlɣis ˈneːdərlɑnts] (listen)), or Southern Dutch (Zuid-Nederlands). Flemish is native to Flanders, a historical region in northern Belgium; it is spoken by Flemings, the dominant ethnic group of the region.[5][6][7][8] Outside of Flanders, it is also spoken to some extent in French Flanders and the Dutch Zeelandic Flanders.[1][9][10]

Native toBelgium, Netherlands, France
RegionFlanders, Zeelandic Flanders, French Flanders
Native speakers
6.5 million (2016)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-1nl
ISO 639-2dut (B)
nld (T)
ISO 639-3nld Dutch
Glottologdutc1256  Dutch
Official languages of Belgium:   Dutch,   French, and   German. Brussels is a bilingual area where both Dutch and French have an official status.

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