In physical geography, a fjord or fiord (/ˈfjɔːrd, fˈɔːrd/ (listen)[1]) is a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created by a glacier.[2] Fjords exist on the coasts of Antarctica, British Columbia (Canada), Chile, Denmark, Germany, Greenland, the Faroe Islands (Denmark), Montenegro, Iceland, Ireland, Kamchatka (Russia), the Kerguelen Islands (France), Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada), New Zealand, Norway, Novaya Zemlya (Russia), Nunavut (Canada), Quebec (Canada), Argentina, Russia, South Georgia Island (U.K.), Tasmania (Australia), Scotland and the states of Washington and Alaska (United States).[3] Norway's coastline is estimated to be 29,000 km (18,000 mi) long with its nearly 1,200 fjords, but only 2,500 km (1,600 mi) long excluding the fjords.[4][5]

Geirangerfjord, Norway

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