Fairlight CMI

The Fairlight CMI (short for Computer Musical Instrument) is a digital synthesizer, sampler, and digital audio workstation introduced in 1979 by Fairlight.[4][5][6] It was based on a commercial licence of the Qasar M8 developed by Tony Furse of Creative Strategies in Sydney, Australia. It was one of the earliest music workstations with an embedded sampler, and is credited for coining the term sampling in music. It rose to prominence in the early 1980s and competed with the Synclavier from New England Digital.

Fairlight CMI
Fairlight CMI Series II
exhibited at NAMM Show in 2011[1]
ManufacturerFairlight
Dates1979–89, 2011–present
PriceGB£ 18,000 ~ 60,000[2]
Technical specifications
Polyphony8 ~ 16 voices
TimbralityMultitimbral
LFOfor vibrato[3]
Synthesis typeAdditive synthesis
Sampling ([email protected]
[email protected])

Waveform editing/drawing
Additive resynthesis (FFT)
Filterlow-pass for anti-aliasing[3]
Input/output
Keyboard73 keys non-weighted, velocity sensitive.
Option: slave keyboard[3]
Left-hand control3 sliders & 2 buttons,
numeric keypad (right side)[3]
External controlComputer keyboard
Light pen
CV/Gate (option, CMI II~)
MIDI SMPTE (CMI IIx~)

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