Fabrikaktion (German pronunciation: [fabʁi:kakt͡sjoːn], 'Factory Action') is the term for the roundup of the last Jews deported from Berlin, beginning in 27 February 1943. Most of the remaining Jews were working at Berlin plants or for the Jewish welfare organization. The term Fabrikaction was coined by survivors after World War II; the Gestapo had designated the plan "Große Fabrik-Aktion" (Large Factory Action).[1] While the plan was not restricted to Berlin, it later became most notable for catalyzing the Rosenstrasse protest, the only mass public demonstration of German citizens which contested the Nazi government's deportation of the Jews .

The Rosenstraße today: the building in which the detainees were held no longer exists. A rose colored Litfaß column commemorates the event.

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