Endonym and exonym

An endonym (from Greek: éndon, 'inner' + ónoma, 'name'; also known as autonym) is a common, native name for a geographical place, group of people, individual person, language or dialect, meaning that it is used inside that particular place, group, or linguistic community in question; it is their self-designated name for themselves, their homeland, or their language.

An exonym (from Greek: éxō, 'outer' + ónoma, 'name'; also known as xenonym) is an established, non-native name for a geographical place, group of people, individual person, language or dialect, meaning that it is used only outside that particular place, group, or linguistic community.[1] Exonyms exist not only for historico-geographical reasons but also in consideration of difficulties when pronouncing foreign words.[1]

For instance, Deutschland is the endonym for the country that is also known by the exonym Germany in English, Alemania in Spanish and Allemagne in French.


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