Emirate of Jabal Shammar

The Emirate of Jabal Shammar (Arabic: إِمَارَة جَبَل شَمَّر), also known as the Emirate of Haʾil (إِمَارَة حَائِل)[1] or the Rashidi Emirate (إِمَارَة آل رَشِيْد), was a state in the northern part of the Arabian Peninsula, including Najd, existing from the mid-nineteenth century to 1921.[2] Jabal Shammar in English is translated as the "Mountain of the Shammar". Jabal Shammar's capital was Ha'il.[2] It was led by a monarchy of the Rashidi dynasty. It included parts of modern-day Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Jordan.

Emirate of Jabal Shammar
إِمَارَة جَبَل شَمَّر  (Arabic)
1836–1921
Jabal Shammar at its greatest extent in 1891
CapitalHa'il
Common languagesArabic
Religion
Sunni Islam
Demonym(s)Shammari
GovernmentEmirate
Emir 
 1836–1848 (first)
Abdullah bin Rashīd
 1921 (last)
Muhammad bin Talāl
History 
 bin Rashīd coup
1836
2 November 1921
CurrencyShammar Riyal
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Emirate of Nejd
Emirate of Riyadh
Sultanate of Nejd
Kingdom of Hejaz
Today part ofSaudi Arabia
Jordan
Iraq

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