The bass guitar, electric bass or simply bass, is the lowest-pitched member of the guitar family. It is a plucked string instrument similar in appearance and construction to an electric or an acoustic guitar, but with a longer neck and scale length, and typically four to six strings or courses. Since the mid-1950s, the bass guitar has largely replaced the double bass in popular music.
|Other names||Bass, bass guitar, electric bass|
|Classification||String instrument (fingered, picked, slapped, occasionally strummed)|
|Inventor(s)||Paul Tutmarc, Leo Fender|
Range of a standard tuned 4-string bass guitar (brackets: 5-string)
The four-string bass is usually tuned the same as the double bass, which corresponds to pitches one octave lower than the four lowest-pitched strings of a guitar (typically E, A, D, and G). It is played primarily with the fingers or thumb, or with a pick. To be heard at normal performance volumes, electric basses require external amplification.