Eilat (/eɪˈlɑːt/ ay-LAHT, UK also /eɪˈlæt/ ay-LAT; Hebrew: אֵילַת [eˈlat] (listen); Arabic: إِيلَات, romanized: Īlāt), or Umm al-Rashrāsh (Arabic: أُمّ ٱلرَّشْرَاش), is Israel's southernmost city, with a population of 52,753, a busy port and popular resort at the northern tip of the Red Sea, on what is known in Israel as the Gulf of Eilat and in Jordan as the Gulf of Aqaba. The city is considered a tourist destination for domestic and international tourists heading to Israel.
|Coordinates: 29°33′25″N 34°57′06″E|
|Founded||7000 BCE (Earliest settlements)|
1951 (Israeli city)
|• Mayor||Meir Yitzhak Halevi|
|• Total||84,789 dunams (84.789 km2 or 32.737 sq mi)|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
Eilat is part of the Southern Negev Desert, at the southern end of the Arabah, adjacent to the Egyptian resort city of Taba to the south, the Jordanian port city of Aqaba to the east, and within sight of Haql, Saudi Arabia, across the gulf to the southeast.
Eilat's arid desert climate and low humidity are moderated by proximity to a warm sea. Temperatures often exceed 40 °C (104 °F) in summer, and 21 °C (70 °F) in winter, while water temperatures range between 20 and 26 °C (68 and 79 °F). Eilat averages 360 sunny days a year.