# Edward Routh

**Edward John Routh** FRS (/raʊθ/; 20 January 1831 – 7 June 1907), was an English mathematician, noted as the outstanding coach of students preparing for the Mathematical Tripos examination of the University of Cambridge in its heyday in the middle of the nineteenth century.[4] He also did much to systematise the mathematical theory of mechanics and created several ideas critical to the development of modern control systems theory.

Edward Routh | |
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Born | Edward John Routh 20 January 1831[1] Quebec, Canada |

Died | 7 June 1907 76)[1] Cambridge, England | (aged

Nationality | English |

Alma mater | University College London Peterhouse, Cambridge |

Known for | Routh's rule Routh–Hurwitz theorem Routh stability criterion Routh array Routhian Routh's theorem Routh polynomials Routh's algorithm Kirchhoff–Routh function |

Awards | Smith's Prize (1854) Adams Prize (1872)[2] |

Scientific career | |

Fields | Mathematician |

Institutions | University of London Peterhouse, Cambridge |

Academic advisors | William Hopkins Augustus De Morgan Isaac Todhunter |

Notable students | John Strutt (Rayleigh) J. J. Thomson George Darwin Alfred North Whitehead[3] Joseph Larmor |