Dublin

Dublin (/ˈdʌblɪn/; Irish: Baile Átha Cliath,[12] pronounced [ˈbˠalʲə aːhə ˈclʲiə] or [ˌbʲlʲaː ˈclʲiə]) is the capital and largest city of Ireland.[13][14] On a bay at the mouth of the River Liffey, it is in the province of Leinster, bordered on the south by the Dublin Mountains, a part of the Wicklow Mountains range. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 1,173,179, while the population of County Dublin as a whole was 1,347,359,[7][15] and the Greater Dublin Area was 1,904,806.[16]

Dublin
Baile Átha Cliath
Nickname: 
The Fair City
Motto(s): 
Obedientia Civium Urbis Felicitas
'The Obedience of the citizens produces a happy city'.[1]
Alternatively translated as
'An Obedient Citizenry Produces a Happy City'[2]
Dublin
Location within Ireland
Dublin
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 53°21′00″N 06°15′37″W
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
RegionEastern and Midland
CountyDublin
FoundedUnknown[3]
Government
  Local authorityDublin City Council
  HeadquartersDublin City Hall
  Lord MayorCaroline Conroy (Green)
  Dáil constituenciesDublin Central
Dublin Bay North
Dublin North-West
Dublin South-Central
Dublin Bay South
  EP constituencyDublin
Area
  Capital city117.8 km2 (45.5 sq mi)
  Urban
318 km2 (123 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Capital city554,554[6]
  Density4,708/km2 (12,190/sq mi)
  Urban
1,173,179[7]
  Metro
 (2020)
1,417,700[8]
  Greater Dublin
2,102,933[9][10]
  Ethnicity
(2011 Census)
Ethnic groups
DemonymsDubliner, Dub
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
  Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode
D01 to D18, D20, D22, D24 & D6W
Area code01 (+3531)
GDP[11]€106 billion
GDP per capita€79,000
Websitewww.dublincity.ie

A settlement was established in the area by the Gaels during or before the 7th century,[17] followed by the Vikings. As the Kingdom of Dublin grew, it became Ireland's principal settlement by the 12th century Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland.[17] The city expanded rapidly from the 17th century and was briefly the second largest in the British Empire and sixth largest in Western Europe after the Acts of Union in 1800.[18] Following independence in 1922, Dublin became the capital of the Irish Free State, renamed Ireland in 1937.

Dublin is a centre for education, arts and culture, administration and industry. As of 2018, the city was listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) as a global city, with a ranking of "Alpha minus", which places it as one of the top thirty cities in the world.[19][20]


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