Constitution Act, 1867

The Constitution Act, 1867 (French: Loi constitutionnelle de 1867),[1] originally enacted as the British North America Act, 1867 (BNA Act), is a major part of the Constitution of Canada. The act created a federal dominion and defines much of the operation of the Government of Canada, including its federal structure, the House of Commons, the Senate, the justice system, and the taxation system. In 1982, with the patriation of the Constitution, the British North America Acts which were originally enacted by the British Parliament, including this Act, were renamed. Although, the acts are still known by their original names in records of the United Kingdom. Amendments were also made at this time: section 92A was added, giving provinces greater control over non-renewable natural resources.[1]

British North America Act 1867[lower-alpha 1]
Act of Parliament
Long titleAn Act for the Union of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and the Government thereof; and for Purposes connected therewith.
Citation30 & 31 Vict c. 3
Royal assent29 March 1867
Commencement1 July 1867
Other legislation
Relates toCanada Act 1982
Status: Amended
Text of statute as originally enacted
Revised text of statute as amended

The long title is "An Act for the Union of Canada, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, and the Government Thereof; and for Purposes Connected Therewith."

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