Congress of the Confederation

The Congress of the Confederation, or the Confederation Congress, formally referred to as the United States in Congress Assembled, was the governing body of the United States of America from March 1, 1781, to March 4, 1789. A unicameral body with legislative and executive function, it was composed of delegates appointed by the legislatures of the several states. Each state delegation had one vote. It was preceded by the Second Continental Congress (1775–1781) and was created by the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union in 1781.

Congress of the Confederation
Type
Type
Term limits
3 years in 6 year period
History
EstablishedMarch 1, 1781
DisbandedMarch 3, 1789
Preceded byContinental Congress
Succeeded byUnited States Congress
Leadership
Secretary
Structure
SeatsVariable, ~50
CommitteesCommittee of the States
CommitteesCommittee of the Whole
Length of term
1 year
SalaryNone
Elections
Last election
1788
Meeting place
Pennsylvania State House
(present-day Independence Hall),
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (first)
City Hall (present-day Federal Hall)
New York, New York (last)
Constitution
Articles of Confederation
Footnotes
Though there were about 50 members of the Congress at any given time, each state delegation voted en bloc, with each state having a single vote.

The Congress continued to refer itself as the Continental Congress throughout its eight-year history, although modern historians separate it from the two earlier congresses, which operated under slightly different rules and procedures until the later part of American Revolutionary War.[1] The membership of the Second Continental Congress automatically carried over to the Congress of the Confederation when the latter was created by the ratification of the Articles of Confederation, and had the same secretary as the Second Continental Congress, Charles Thomson.

The Congress of the Confederation was succeeded by the Congress of the United States as provided for in the new United States Constitution, proposed September 17, 1787, in Philadelphia and adopted by the United States in 1788.[2]


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