Classics or classical studies is the study of classical antiquity. In the Western world, classics traditionally refers to the study of Classical Greek and Roman literature and their related original languages, Ancient Greek and Latin. Classics also includes Greco-Roman philosophy, history, archaeology, anthropology, art, mythology and society as secondary subjects.

Homer, the legendary Greek author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Cicero, the Roman statesman considered the master of Latin prose
Aristotle, the Greek philosopher and polymath who shaped Western science for centuries
Virgil, usually considered the greatest Roman poet

In Western civilization, the study of the Greek and Roman classics was traditionally considered to be the foundation of the humanities, and has, therefore, traditionally been the cornerstone of a typical elite European education.

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