Cinema of India

Cinema of India consists of films produced in India,[7] where more than 1,600 to 1,800 films are produced annually.[8] Major centres of film production in the country include Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, New Delhi, Amritsar, Kochi, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack, and Guwahati.[details 1] For a number of years the Indian film industry has ranked first in the world in terms of annual film output.[28] In terms of box office it ranked third in 2019, with total gross of around US$2.7 billion.[6][29][30]

Cinema of India
No. of screens6,327 single screens (2019)[1]
3,200 multiplex screens (2019)[1]
  Per capita9 per million (2015)[2]
Produced feature films (2019)[3]
Number of admissions (2016)[4]
  Per capita1.69
National films1,713,600,000
Gross box office (2019)[5]
Total190 billion ($2.56 billion)
National films$2.1 billion (2015)[6]

Indian cinema is composed of various language film industries. In 2019, the Hindi film industry represented 44% of box office revenue, followed by the Tamil and the Telugu film industries, each representing 13%.[31] Other prominent languages in the Indian film industry include Malayalam and Kannada, representing 5% each, as well as Bengali, Marathi, Odia, Punjabi, Gujarati and Bhojpuri. As of 2020, the combined revenue of all other language film industries has surpassed that of the Hindi film industry,[30] and in 2021, Telugu cinema became the largest film industry of India in terms of box-office.[32][33][34]

Indian cinema is a global enterprise [35] and the films have wide viewership and fanbase throughout South Asia as well as over 90 countries.[36] Films like Bahubali: The Beginning have been dubbed in many languages, thus starting a Pan-India films movement. Millions of Indians overseas watch Indian films, accounting for 12% of revenue.[37]

Major Indian enterprises in the film industry include Aascar Films, AGS Entertainment, AVM Productions, Eros International, Geetha Arts, Hombale Films, Lyca Productions, Modern Theatres, Mythri Movie Makers, Sun Pictures, Suresh Productions, UTV Motion Pictures, Yash Raj Films and Zee Entertainment Enterprises.

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