Chief executive (gubernatorial)

Chief executive is a term used for presidential or prime ministerial powers given by a constitution or basic law, which allows its holder to implement policy, supervise the executive branch of government, prepare an executive budget for submission to the legislature, and appoint and remove executive officials. Depending on the specific constitution, they may also be able to veto laws, dissolve the legislature or submit their own bills to the legislature.

It is also used to refer to certain gubernatorial offices, expressing the nature of their job being analogous to a head of government. While in most cases there is another specific style, such as president, governor-general, governor, lieutenant-governor, administrator, high commissioner, commissioner, premier, or minister-president, there are a few offices formally styled chief executive:

  • In the two special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, which were previously under British and Portuguese rule until the transfer of sovereignty in the late 20th century, the chief executive are the political and executive leaders of the regions and of their respective governments:
Title Created Superseded / defunct
Chief Executive of Hong Kong 1997 Governor of Hong Kong
Chief Executive of Macau 1999 Governor of Macau

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