Casablanca, also known in Arabic as Dar al-Bayda (Arabic: الدَّار الْبَيْضَاء, romanized: al-Dār al-Baydāʾ, [adˈdaːru ɫbajdˤaːʔ]; Berber languages: ⴰⵏⴼⴰ, romanized: anfa) is the largest city in Morocco. Located on the Atlantic coast of the Chaouia plain in the central-western part of Morocco, Casablanca is considered a Global Financial Centre, ranking 53rd globally in the Global Financial Centres Index for the year 2021, outperforming many cities such as Mumbai, New Delhi, Berlin, Istanbul, Mexico City, Glasgow, Jakarta, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Riyadh, Doha, Kuwait City, Cape Town, and Johannesburg. Casablanca is ranked among the Emerging International contenders, and it is considered the largest financial center in Africa. According to the 2019 population estimate, the city has a population of about 3.71 million in the urban area and over 4.27 million in the Greater Casablanca, making it the most populous city in the Maghreb region, and the eighth-largest in the Arab world. Casablanca is considered the economic and business center of Morocco, although the national political capital is Rabat.
|First settled||7th century BC|
|Founded by||Mohammed III|
|• Mayor||Nabila Rmili|
|• City||220 km2 (80 sq mi)|
|• Metro||20,166 km2 (7,786 sq mi)|
|Elevation||0 to 150 m (0 to 492 ft)|
|• Rank||1st in Morocco|
|Demonyms||Baydawi or Bidawi|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
The leading Moroccan companies and many international corporations doing business in the country have their headquarters and main industrial facilities in Casablanca. Recent industrial statistics show Casablanca holds its recorded position as the primary industrial zone of the nation. Casablanca is Morocco's chief port, with the Port of Casablanca being one of the largest artificial ports in the world, and the second largest port in North Africa, after Tanger-Med (40 km (25 mi) east of Tangier). Casablanca also hosts the primary naval base for the Royal Moroccan Navy.