Berlin Crisis of 1961

The Berlin Crisis of 1961 (German: Berlin-Krise) occurred between 4 June – 9 November 1961, and was the last major European politico-military incident of the Cold War about the occupational status of the German capital city, Berlin, and of post–World War II Germany. The Berlin Crisis started when the USSR issued an ultimatum demanding the withdrawal of all armed forces from Berlin, including the Western armed forces in West Berlin. The crisis culminated in the city's de facto partition with the East German erection of the Berlin Wall.

Berlin Crisis of 1961
Part of Cold War

U.S. M48 tanks face Soviet T-55 tanks at Checkpoint Charlie, October 1961.
Date4 June – 9 November 1961
Location
Result Stalemate
Belligerents

Soviet Union

East Germany Supported by:

Warsaw Pact

United States

West Germany Supported by:

NATO
Commanders and leaders
Nikita Khrushchev John F. Kennedy

The 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union—the last to be attended by the Chinese Communist Party—was held in Moscow during the crisis.


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