Beirut is the capital and largest city of Lebanon. As of 2014[update], Greater Beirut has a population of 2.4 million, which makes it the third-largest city in the Levant region. The city is situated on a peninsula at the midpoint of Lebanon's Mediterranean coast. Beirut has been inhabited for more than 5,000 years, and was one of Phoenicia's most prominent city states, making it one of the oldest cities in the world (see Berytus). The first historical mention of Beirut is found in the Amarna letters from the New Kingdom of Egypt, which date to the 14th century BC.
|• Governor||Marwan Abboud|
|• Mayor||Jamal Itani|
|• Capital city and Municipality||19.8 km2 (7.6 sq mi)|
|• Metro||1,988.1 km2 (767.6 sq mi)|
|• Capital city and Municipality||c. 433,249|
|• Metro||c. 2,145,527|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||+961 (01)|
|ISO 3166 code||LB-BA|
|Patron Saint||Saint George|
Beirut is Lebanon's seat of government and plays a central role in the Lebanese economy, with many banks and corporations based in the city. Beirut is an important seaport for the country and region, and rated a Beta + World City by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Beirut was severely damaged by the Lebanese Civil War and the massive explosion in the Port of Beirut. Its cultural landscape underwent major reconstruction.