Beirut

Beirut[lower-alpha 1] is the capital and largest city of Lebanon. As of 2014, Greater Beirut has a population of 2.4 million,[4] which makes it the third-largest city in the Levant region. The city is situated on a peninsula at the midpoint of Lebanon's Mediterranean coast. Beirut has been inhabited for more than 5,000 years, and was one of Phoenicia's most prominent city states, making it one of the oldest cities in the world (see Berytus). The first historical mention of Beirut is found in the Amarna letters from the New Kingdom of Egypt, which date to the 14th century BC.

Beirut
بيروت
Beyrouth
Top to bottom, and left to right: Beirut at sunset, Sahat al Shouhada, a souk in Beirut, Maronite Cathedral of Saint George (left) and Mohammad Al-Amin Mosque (right), Sursock Museum, Pigeon Rocks of Raouché
Nickname(s): 
Paris of the East[1]
Motto(s): 
Berytus Nutrix Legum (Latin)
Beirut, mother of laws
Beirut
Location of Beirut within Lebanon
Beirut
Beirut (Eastern Mediterranean)
Beirut
Beirut (Arab world)
Beirut
Beirut (Asia)
Coordinates: 33°53′13″N 35°30′47″E
Country Lebanon
GovernorateBeirut
Government
  GovernorMarwan Abboud
  MayorJamal Itani
Area
  Capital city and Municipality19.8 km2 (7.6 sq mi)
  Metro
1,988.1 km2 (767.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[2]
  Capital city and Municipalityc. 433,249
  Metroc. 2,145,527
Demonym(s)Beiruti
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)+961 (01)
ISO 3166 codeLB-BA
Patron SaintSaint George
Websitewww.beirut.gov.lb

Beirut is Lebanon's seat of government and plays a central role in the Lebanese economy, with many banks and corporations based in the city. Beirut is an important seaport for the country and region, and rated a Beta + World City by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[5] Beirut was severely damaged by the Lebanese Civil War and the massive explosion in the Port of Beirut. Its cultural landscape underwent major reconstruction.[6][7][8]


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