Balliol College, Oxford

Balliol College (/ˈbliəl/)[4] is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. One of Oxford's oldest colleges,[5] it was founded around 1263 by John I de Balliol, a landowner from Barnard Castle in County Durham, who provided the foundation and endowment for the college.[6] When de Balliol died in 1268, his widow, Dervorguilla, a woman whose wealth far exceeded that of her husband, continued his work in setting up the college, providing a further endowment and writing the statutes. She is considered a co-founder of the college.[7]

Balliol College
Arms: Azure, a lion rampant argent, crowned or, impaling Gules, an orle argent.[1]
LocationBroad Street, Oxford, OX1 3BJ
Coordinates51.7547°N 1.2578°W / 51.7547; -1.2578
Full nameBalliol College
Latin nameCollegium Balliolensis
Established1263; 759 years ago (1263)
Named forJohn I de Balliol
Sister collegeSt John's College, Cambridge
MasterDame Helen Ghosh
Undergraduates366 (2017–18)[2]
Endowment£119.1 million (2018)[3]
Boat clubBalliol College Boat Club
Location in Oxford city centre

The college's alumni include four former Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom (H. H. Asquith, Harold Macmillan, Edward Heath and Boris Johnson),[8] Harald V of Norway,[9] Empress Masako of Japan, five Nobel laureates, several Lords of Appeal in Ordinary, and numerous literary and philosophical figures, including Shoghi Effendi, Adam Smith, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and Aldous Huxley. John Wycliffe, who translated the Bible into English, was master of the college in the 1360s.[7]

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