Attar of Nishapur

Abū Ḥamīd bin Abū Bakr Ibrāhīm (c. 1145 – c. 1221; Persian: ابو حامد بن ابوبکر ابراهیم), better known by his pen-names Farīd ud-Dīn (فرید الدین) and ʿAṭṭār of Nishapur (عطار نیشاپوری, Attar means apothecary), was a Persian[3][4][5] poet, theoretician of Sufism, and hagiographer from Nishapur who had an immense and lasting influence on Persian poetry and Sufism. He wrote a collection of lyrical poems and number of long poems in the philosophical tradition of Islamic mysticism, as well as a prose work with biographies and sayings of famous Muslim mystics.[6] Manṭiq-uṭ-Ṭayr (The Conference of the Birds) and Ilāhī-Nāma (The Book of Divine) and Memorial of the Saints are among his best known works.

Attar of Nishapur
Sculpture of Attar of Nishapur and his mausoleum
Mystic Poet
Bornc. 1145[1]
Nishapur, Seljuk Empire
Diedc. 1220 (aged 7475)
Nishapur, Khwarezmian Empire
Resting placeMausoleum of Attar, Nishapur, Iran
Venerated inTraditional Islam, and especially by Sufis[2]
InfluencesFerdowsi, Sanai, Khwaja Abdullah Ansari, Mansur Al-Hallaj, Abu-Sa'id Abul-Khayr, Bayazid Bastami
InfluencedRumi, Hafez, Jami, Ali-Shir Nava'i and many other later Sufi Poets
Tradition or genre
Mystic poetry
Major worksMemorial of the Saints
The Conference of the Birds

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