American International Pictures

American International Pictures (AIP) is an American motion picture production label of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. In its original operating period, AIP was an independent film production and distribution company known for producing and releasing films from 1955 until 1980, a year after its acquisition by Filmways in 1979.

American International Pictures
FormerlyAmerican Releasing Corporation
FoundedApril 2, 1954; 68 years ago (1954-04-02) (original)
October 7, 2020; 23 months ago (2020-10-07) (relaunch)
Defunct1980; 42 years ago (1980) (original)
FateAcquired by, and folded into Filmways
SuccessorFilmways Pictures
HeadquartersLos Angeles, California, U.S.
Area served
Key people
  • Eric Hohl (president)
ProductsMotion pictures
OwnerMGM Holdings, Inc.
(2020–present; relaunch)

It was formed on April 2, 1954 as American Releasing Corporation (ARC) by former Realart Pictures Inc. sales manager James H. Nicholson and entertainment lawyer Samuel Z. Arkoff[1] and their first release was the 1953 UK documentary film Operation Malaya. It was dedicated to releasing low-budget films packaged as double features, primarily of interest to the teenagers of the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s.

The company eventually became a part of Orion Pictures, which in turn, became a division of MGM. On October 7, 2020, four decades after the original closure, MGM revived AIP as a label for acquired films for digital and theatrical releases, with MGM overseeing across streaming platforms and United Artists Releasing handling theatrical distribution in North America.

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