Al Ain

Al Ain (Arabic: ٱلْعَيْن, al-ʿayn, lit.'The Spring')[4] is a city in the Eastern Region of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, on the United Arab Emirates' border with Oman, adjacent to the town of Al-Buraimi. It is the largest inland city in the Emirates, the fourth-largest city (after Dubai, Abu Dhabi, and Sharjah), and the second-largest[2] in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. The freeways connecting Al-Ain, Abu Dhabi, and Dubai form a geographic triangle in the country, each city being roughly 130 kilometres (81 mi) from the other two.

Al Ain
Clockwise, from top: Qasr Al-Muwaiji, the new campus of Abu Dhabi University in the city, Al-Murabba Fort, Green Mubazzarah, Sheikha Salama Mosque
مَدِيْنَة ٱلْحَدِيْقَة[1]
The Garden City[2] (of Abu Dhabi,[3] the UAE[4] or the Gulf)[5][6]
Location of Al Ain in the UAE
al-ʿAin (Persian Gulf)
al-ʿAin (Asia)
Coordinates: 24°12′27″N 55°44′41″E
Country United Arab Emirates
EmirateAbu Dhabi
Municipal regionAl-Ain
  • Al Jimi
  • Al Qattara
  • Al Muawiji
  • Al Mutaredh
  • Al Towayya
  • Al Foah
  • Al Masoudi
  • Al Khrair
  • Al Sarooj
  • Hili
  • Falaj Hazza[7]
  • Zakher
  • Al Maqam
  • Sh'ab Al Ashkher
  • Al Khalidiya
  • Al Shoaibah
  • Al Bateen
  • Al Agabiyya
  • Al Khabisi
  • Al Markhaniya
  • Ne'mah
  • Al Niyadat
  • Al Kuwaitat
  • Al Jahli
  • Al Salamat
  • Al Yahar p27 = Mezyad
  • Al Dhahir
  • Um Ghafah
  • Oud Al Tobah
  • Al Hiyar
  • Nahil
  • Sweihan
  • Al Sadd
  • Rimah
  • Al Khazna
  • Al Arad
  • Al Dhahrah
  • Al Manaseer
  • Al Basrah
  • Al Wagan
  • Al Qoua p43 = Al Mutraid p44 = Al Kharis p45 = Al Amarah p46 = Al Salamt
  TypeAbsolute monarchy
  Ruler's Representative of the Eastern Region of the Emirate of Abu DhabiTahnoun bin Mohammed Al Nahyan
  Total15,123 km2 (5,839 sq mi)
292 m (958 ft)
  Density51/km2 (130/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4 (UAE Standard Time)
Official nameCultural Sites of Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud and Oases Areas)
CriteriaCultural: iii, iv, v
Inscription2011 (35th Session)

Al-Ain is known as the "Garden City" (Arabic: مَدِيْنَة ٱلْحَدِيْقَة, romanized: Madīnat Al-Ḥadīqah, lit.'City of The Garden')[1] of Abu Dhabi,[3] the UAE[4] or the Gulf,[5][6] due to its greenery, particularly with regard to the city's oases,[2] parks, tree-lined avenues and decorative roundabouts, with there being strict height controls on new buildings, to no more than seven floors,[8] and according to one author, an oasis around Al-Ain and Al-Hasa in Saudi Arabia are the most important in the Arabian Peninsula.[9] That said, the region of Al-Ain and Al-Buraimi, altogether Tawam[10] or Al-Buraimi Oasis,[7] is of cultural and historical importance.[11] For example, the area witnessed events relevant to the history of Islam during the Rashidun, Umayyad and Abbasid eras, similar to Dibba and Ras Al-Khaimah.[12] It was where Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the founder of the United Arab Emirates, spent much of his life, at least since 1927, before becoming the Ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi in 1966. Though it is often held that he was born in Abu Dhabi,[10][13][14] some hold the view that he was born in Al-Ain.[5][15] Al-Ain may also be the site of the oldest mosque in the country, in the premises of the Sheikh Khalifa Mosque.[16][17]

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