Ahmadou Ahidjo

Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo (24 August 1924  30 November 1989)[1] was a Cameroonian politician who was the first President of Cameroon, holding the office from 1960 until 1982.[2][3] Ahidjo played a major role in Cameroon's independence from France as well as reuniting the French and English-speaking parts of the country.[4] During Ahidjo's time in office, he established a centralized political system. Ahidjo established a single-party state under the Cameroon National Union (CNU) in 1966. In 1972, Ahidjo abolished the federation in favor of a unitary state.[5]

Ahmadou Ahidjo
Ahidjo at the Catshuis in The Hague, 1979
1st President of Cameroon
In office
5 May 1960  6 November 1982
Vice PresidentJohn Ngu Foncha
Salomon Tandeng Muna
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byPaul Biya
1st Prime Minister of Cameroon
In office
1 January 1960  15 May 1960
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byCharles Assalé
Personal details
Born(1924-08-24)24 August 1924
Garoua, French Cameroons
Died30 November 1989(1989-11-30) (aged 65)
Dakar, Senegal
Political partyCU (1958–1966)
CNU (1966–1989)
Spouse(s)Germaine Ahidjo

Ahidjo resigned from the presidency in 1982, and Paul Biya assumed the presidency.[6] This was an action that was surprising to Cameroonians. Accused of being behind a coup plot against Biya in 1984, Ahidjo was sentenced to death in absentia,[7] but he died of natural causes in 1989.


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