1930 German federal election

Federal elections were held in Germany on 14 September 1930.[1][2] Despite losing ten seats, the Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) remained the largest party in the Reichstag, winning 143 of the 577 seats, while the Nazi Party (NSDAP) dramatically increased its number of seats from 12 to 107.[3] The Communists also increased their parliamentary representation, gaining 23 seats and becoming the third-largest party in the Reichstag.

1930 German federal election

 1928 14 September 1930 (1930-09-14) July 1932 

All 577 seats in the Reichstag
289 seats needed for a majority
Registered42,982,912 4.3%
Turnout82.0% (6.4pp)
  First party Second party Third party
 
Leader Otto Wels &
Arthur Crispien
Adolf Hitler Ernst Thälmann
Party SPD NSDAP KPD
Leader since 14 June 1919 29 July 1921 October 1925
Last election 29.8%, 153 seats 2.6%, 12 seats 10.6%, 54 seats
Seats won 143 107 77
Seat change 10 95 23
Popular vote 8,575,244 6,379,672 4,590,160
Percentage 24.5% 18.3% 13.1%
Swing 5.3pp 15.7pp 2.5pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Leader Ludwig Kaas Alfred Hugenberg Ernst Scholz
Party Centre DNVP DVP
Leader since September 1928 1928 1929
Last election 12.1%, 61 seats 14.2%, 73 seats 8.7%, 45 seats
Seats won 68 41 30
Seat change 7 32 15
Popular vote 4,127,000 2,457,686 1,577,365
Percentage 11.8% 7.0% 4.5%
Swing 0.3pp 7.2pp 4.2pp

Winning party by electoral constituency.

Results by district and independent city. Black lines delineate states and Prussian provinces.

Chancellor before election

Heinrich Brüning
Centre

Chancellor after election

None (Brüning remained as unelected Chancellor)


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